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Basic Rules in mountain

Please consider to always carry with you:

  • Sun protection

  • a first aid kit

  •  a snakebite kit 

  • Hiking shoes or boots

  • Backpack with water

  • Cap

  • Some kind of jacket or coat.

 

Before going hiking in Sierra Nevada, it is important to establish some essential general rules.

Planning: Research and plan your route in advance. Make sure you are aware of the trail difficulty, estimated duration, necessary equipment, and weather conditions.

Weather Information: Check the weather forecast before heading out. Keep in mind that weather conditions can change rapidly in the mountains, so be prepared for any eventuality.

Proper Equipment: Wear appropriate clothing and footwear for mountain hiking. Dress in layers to adapt to temperature changes, and bring sturdy and comfortable footwear.

Water and Food: Carry enough drinking water for the entire journey, as hydration is crucial in the mountains. Additionally, bring energizing food and snacks to keep yourself nourished during the hike.

Map and Compass: Ensure you have an updated map of the area and a compass, and familiarize yourself with their basic use. This will help you navigate in case of getting lost or lack of signage.

Communication: Always carry a fully charged mobile phone with you, keeping in mind that there may not always be signal in the area. It is also recommended to inform a trusted person about your route and estimated time of return.

Respect for Nature: Respect the natural environment and avoid leaving any litter behind. Follow conservation guidelines and avoid disturbing local flora and fauna.

Group Safety: It is always safer to hike in a group, especially in remote areas. Always walk with company and stay close to your hiking companions.

Know Your Limits: Assess your level of physical fitness and mountain experience. Do not overestimate yourself and choose routes that match your skill level.

Safety Conditions: If weather conditions worsen during the hike, such as thunderstorms or dense fog, consider turning back or seeking shelter in a safe place.

Enjoy your hiking experience and stay safe!

You may occasionally catch a glimpse of small reptiles or scorpions during your hike. It's important to remember that snakes, such as vipers, prefer to retreat rather than attack when they encounter humans. Although there is only one venomous snake species in the area, it's best to follow these few precautions:

1/ Stay on marked trails: Avoid venturing into unmarked areas or through tall grass, as snakes may be hiding there.

2/ Dress appropriately: Wear closed-toe shoes, long pants, and socks to reduce the risk of snake bites if you come across one.

3/ Be aware of your surroundings: Keep your eyes open and observe your environment. Snakes can hide under rocks, bushes, tree trunks, or in crevices.

4/ Avoid snake shelters: Do not intentionally seek out snakes or lift rocks or logs where they could be hiding.

5/ Do not disturb them: If you encounter a snake, do not disturb it, attempt to catch it, or startle it. Slowly back away while remaining calm and allow it to move away.

6/ Stay calm and seek information: If you are bitten by a snake, stay calm, immobilise the bitten area, and immediately call emergency services 112 for medical assistance.

The only venomous snake species in the area, the Lataste's Viper (Vipera latastei), has a brownish color and a zigzag pattern on its back. It can reach up to 70 centimeters in length, rarely more, with a triangular head and a prominent snout forming a characteristic nasal appendage. Another characteristic of a viper is that its tail is short and robust, while that of non-venomous snakes is long and slender. In the face of danger, it prefers to flee, but if cornered, it will not hesitate to bite and inject its venom, which can sometimes be fatal.

You may also come across some Yellow Scorpions (Alpujarra Buthus montanus), commonly known as "Alpujarra scorpions". Although they may appear intimidating, their venom usually doesn't pose a serious risk to humans. However, it's important to exercise caution and avoid direct contact with these animals, as their sting can cause discomfort and allergic reactions in sensitive individuals. If you are stung by a yellow scorpion or any other scorpion, it is recommended to seek medical attention for proper treatment.

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